5 Must-Have Equipment Every Land Surveyor Should Own

As a land surveyor, you need the right equipment to get your measurements correct. There are various tools and equipment you will need to calculate contour and elevation differences. Different factors will also determine the type of land survey equipment to choose. This post discusses five must-have equipment for an effective land surveying process. 

The Hand Level

A hand level is trim in size and similar in shape to a telescope. Operators using this equipment can look through the eyepiece to line an object's crosshairs. The ideal method to use this device is having one operator hold the surveyor's rod or using a firmly grounded holder on the site. The second operator then looks through the hand level to take measurements at specific points. The resultant readings can be used to calculate the elevation difference between two or more points. 

The Abney Level

This type of equipment is almost similar to the hand level. However, it is capable of measuring slope using an arc measure based on a slope's percentage. It is also more costly than the hand level but highly effective when taking quicker slope measurements. 

The Transit or Level

It is a tripod tool helpful in determining the relative elevation of different parts of a wastewater treatment plant. It is a crucial instrument that helps land surveyors get precise relative elevation measurements. Furthermore, it can also measure the distance and slope of a piece of land. 

The Rotating Laser Level 

This piece of equipment has made surveyors' lives much easier. While it might cost more than the levels mentioned earlier, the rotating laser level can save you more time. Like the transit level, the rotating laser level is a tripod instrument. It functions by allowing the rotating laser to send out beams, which can be read on the surveyor's rods or receivers. Furthermore, the rotating laser level can be operated by one person. 

The Surveyor's Rod

Lastly, one of the essential pieces of equipment for site evaluators is the surveying rod. However, it would help if you chose an easy-to-read rod that is in tip-top condition. Furthermore, check out the type of calibrations on your surveyor's rod. Some might come in terms of inches, fractions or feet, meaning pick one you are comfortable working with when surveying. 


These are the five must-have surveying equipment to facilitate your work. After acquiring these tools, ensure proper handling, care and maintenance to prevent unnecessary damage and premature replacements. Proper care of surveying equipment will also guarantee precise measurements and results. Contact a local surveying equipment supplier to learn more.